This is believed to be due to excessive use of fertilisers and pesticides over the years. Rice and wheat are doublecropped in Punjab with rice stalks being burned off over millions of acres prior to the planting of wheat. The Indus Valley Civilization flourished in antiquity before recorded history until their decline around 1900 BCE. [169][170], Punjab is home to the Punjabi film industry, often colloquially referred to as 'Pollywood'. Buffaloes graze around the banks of rivers. His successor, Shah Jahan, "took offense" at Guru Hargobind's sovereignty and after a series of assaults on Amritsar forced the Sikhs to retreat to the Sivalik Hills. These are Sri Akal Takht Sahib, Damdama Sahib and Anandpur Sahib. [140], Punjab Agricultural University is a leading institution globally for the study of agriculture and played a significant role in Punjab's Green Revolution in the 1960s–70s. Majitha is newly created tehsil, which was formed in September 2016. This resulted in i mpoverishment of the rich traditions of classical music", "Mohali to get electronic and film city: MP Manish Tewari", "UNESCO - Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab, India", "Ignored for years, local craft may soon find place in luxury hotels", "Inside humble trappings, vivid expressions of Punjabi cuisine", "13 Best Punjabi Recipes | Easy Punjabi Recipes", "Eating Out Park Plaza brings you the hearty Punjabi flavours at its ongoing food festival", "Bandi Chhor Divas Reflection: A Lesson In Selflessness", "Sikhs celebrate Diwali and Bandi Chhor Divas at Ilford gurdwara", "Maghi Mela: Four political parties erect stages to hold conferences", "Hola Mohalla 2015: Facts, History, Rituals Surrounding The Sikh Festival", "Circle Style Kabaddi in a new avatar – World-wide Kabaddi League", "Kabaddi player alleges Punjab Police pushed him into drugs", "Punjab women enter semi-finals of National Hockey Championship", "World Kabaddi League announces team franchise names and logos", "the World Kabaddi League (WKL) was launched with the promoters – Punjab Deputy Chief Minister Sukhbir Singh Badal is the president of the league while former India hockey captain Pargat Singh is the league commissioner – unveiling the eight teams, their owners and marquee players", "Sierra Leone, England win in Kabbadi World Cup", "World Heritage Day: 8 places to visit in Punjab", Lonely Planet tips Mumbai as a must-see destination in 2008, "सुदर्शन चक्र ने किए थे देवी सती के 51 टुकड़े, यहां भी कटकर गिरा शरीर का भाग", "Pictures displayed at media centre attract visitors to 'Kila Raipur' games", "Kila Raipur sports festival begins today", "Amritsar-based Partition Museum to ink pact with Manchester Museum", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjab,_India&oldid=994737006, States and territories established in 1956, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with incomplete citations from May 2018, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Articles needing additional references from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2014, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Ludhiana Climatological Table, 1981-2010, Monsoon (early July to the end of September). Punjab was enriched during the height of the Vedic period, but declined in predominance with the rise of the Mahajanapadas. [124] It produces 10.26% of India's cotton, 19.5% of India's wheat, and 11% of India's rice. [162], The most famous of the romantic love songs are Mayhiah, Dhola and Boliyan. "The Punjab". The state of Punjab is divided into five administrative divisions and twenty-two districts. It is based mainly around Mohali city. It is known for being the fastest growing film industry in India. This course is an introduction to Punjabi (Gurmukhi) script and enhances previous knowledge of modern Punjabi language. The movie is directed by Devi Sharma and produced by Malkit Buttar. Punjab (/pʌnˈdʒɑːb/ (listen), Punjabi: [pənˈdʒaːb]) is a state in northern India. Punjabis celebrate a number of festivals, which have taken a semi-secular meaning and are regarded as cultural festivals by people of all religions. This period is marked by occasional showers with hail storms and squalls that cause extensive damage to crops. Daily Ajit, Jagbani and Punjabi Tribune are the largest-selling Punjabi newspapers while The Tribune is most selling English newspaper. The state of Punjab has large wetland areas, bird sanctuaries that house numerous species of birds, and many zoological parks. The specific moves of Bhangra reflect the manner in which villagers farmed their land. Punjab is bounded by Pakistan on the west, Jammu and Kashmir (union territory) on the north, Himachal Pradesh on the northeast and Haryana and Rajasthan on the south. Various Sikh sardars and other Rajas of the Cis-Sutlej states paid tributes to the Marathas until the Second Anglo-Maratha War of 1803–1805, after which the Marathas lost this territory to the British. [173] Years of neglect had caused this craft to die out, and the listing prompted the Government of Punjab to undertake a craft revival effort under Project Virasat. The songs, ballads, epics and romances are generally written and sung in these dialects. Punjab is home to the Punjabi film industry, often colloquially referred to as 'Pollywood'. Production of bee honey is done in some parts of Punjab. [98], After Ranjit Singh's death in 1839, the empire was severely weakened by internal divisions and political mismanagement. Dentist-turned-actor Sikh girl from Kashmir to debut in Punjabi film industry Greater Kashmir | A 25-year-old Kashmiri Sikh girl who left dentistry to pursue a … [69] Other major industries include financial services, the manufacturing of scientific instruments, agricultural goods, electrical goods, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, fertilisers, bicycles, garments, and the processing of pine oil and sugar. [26] Sikhism was founded in the 1500s and 1600s by the Sikh Gurus in the Punjab and resulted in the formation of the Sikh Confederacy after the fall of the Mughal Empire and ensuing conflict with the Durrani Empire. The culture of Punjab has many elements including music such as bhangra, an extensive religious and non-religious dance tradition, a long history of poetry in the Punjabi language, a significant Punjabi film industry that dates back to before Partition, a vast range of cuisine, which has become widely popular abroad, and a number of seasonal and harvest festivals such as Lohri,[152] Basant, Vaisakhi and Teeyan,[153][154][155] all of which are celebrated in addition to the religious festivals of India. The urban population in the last 10 years has increased by 37.48 per cent. [113], Punjab experiences its minimum temperature from December to February. Forming part of the larger Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, the state is bordered by the Indian union territories of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Chandigarh to the east, the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh to the north and northeast, Haryana to the south and southeast, and Rajasthan to the southwest. At least one Sikh Gurdwara can be found in almost every village in the state, as well as in the towns and cities (in various architectural styles and sizes). Punjab was subsequently conquered by the Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire,[19] and then Harsha's Empire. [92], In 1701, a combined army composed of the Sivalik Hill Rajas and the Mughal army under Wazir Khan attacked Anandpur and, following a retreat by the Khalsa, was defeated by the Khalsa at the Battle of Muktsar. [151] Private radio channels include Radio Mirchi, BIG FM 92.7, 94.3 My FM, Radio Mantra and many more. The sun rays are oblique during these months and the cold winds control the temperature at daytime. These states were ruled by the Scindhia dynasty of the Maratha Empire. [40] Today, Punjab's government has three branches – executive, judiciary and legislative. This triggered bitter protests by the Sikhs in Punjab, who could not countenance living in a Muslim state. Intermediate Punjabi I. A man travelling to the United States meets a mysterious woman and gets wrapped up in an investigation when authorities mistake him for a notorious criminal. The winds remain dry and warm during the last week of March, commencing the harvest period. [165], Punjabi Folk Music is the traditional music on the traditional musical instruments of Punjab region. There is a zoological park and a tiger safari park, as well as three parks dedicated to deer. His grandson, Akbar, supported religious freedom and after visiting the langar of Guru Amar Das had a favourable impression of Sikhism. Punjab has the largest number of steel rolling mill plants in India, which are in "Steel Town"—Mandi Gobindgarh in the Fatehgarh Sahib district. The Indian Railways' Northern Railway line runs through the state connecting most of the major towns and cities. The variation in soil profile characteristics are much more pronounced because of the regional climatic differences. The name is also sometimes spelled as "Panjab". Each district under the administrative control of a District Collector. The districts are subdivided into 79 tehsils, which have fiscal and administrative powers over settlements within their borders, including maintenance of local land records comes under the administrative control of a Tehsildar. Nov. 23, 2020 12:00 a.m. [126][127], According to the India State Hunger Index, Punjab has the lowest level of hunger in India. [97] The Cis-Sutlej states included Kaithal, Patiala, Jind, Thanesar, Maler Kotla, and Faridkot. [105], The undivided Punjab, of which Pakistani Punjab forms a major region today, was home to a large minority population of Punjabi Hindus and Sikhs until 1947, apart from the Muslim majority. The hot summer season commences in mid-April. This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 08:11. [8] Most of the Punjab lies in a fertile, alluvial plain with many rivers and an extensive irrigation canal system. An insurgency occurred in Punjab during the 1980s. The empire extended from the Khyber Pass in the west, to Kashmir in the north, to Sindh in the south, and Tibet in the east. Competition is held for major Punjabi rural sports, include cart-race, rope pulling. Hinduism has existed in the Punjab region since the period of ancient India. Prominent private Punjabi channels include news channels like BBC Punjabi,[146] ABP Sanjha,[147] Global Punjab TV,[148] News18 Punjab-Haryana-Himachal,[149] Zee Punjab Haryana Himachal, PTC News and entertainment channels like Zee Punjabi, GET Punjabi, ETC Punjabi, Chardikla Time TV, PTC Punjabi, Colours Punjabi, JUS Punjabi, MH1 and 9x Tashan.[150]. Marriage ceremonies are known for their rich rituals, songs, dances, food and dresses, which have evolved over many centuries. The term length of the government is five years. Punjabi is the sole official language of Punjab and is spoken by the majority of the population numbering around 24,919,067 constituting (89.82%) of the population as of 2011 census report. These regions in India. [ 145 ] by 1845 the British to... Multiple kingdoms and republics festivals, which has existed since 1894 in Mohali Harsha 's Empire between or... And Jehlum ( also spelled Jhelum ) summer season commences in mid-April and the Hindu Sikh. 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