The spine is a vertically straight structure, but scoliosis causes it to curve laterally (off to the side). Edina, Spinal deformities also have the capacity to interfere with the spinal cord or nerve roots. Soft tissue structures such as the spinal cord, spinal nerves, the disc and ligaments are usually not seen on X-rays, nor on most tumors, vascular malformations, or cysts. Each can also offer you a second opinion. Drs. Your body is constantly building bone mass to replace mass that is lost over time. Your spine can curve abnormally, and when it does it can develop a hunchback (kyphosis), swayback (lordosis), rotate and curve (scoliosis). For a detailed explanation of surgical procedures that may be required to treat a specific spinal. The patient experiences severe pain that is not relieved by physical therapy, bracing, and/or pain medications, The condition has caused a physical deformity that is unbearable to the patient, The condition has caused compression of the spinal cord or nerve roots, The deformity has resulted from fractures, usually caused by osteoporosis, The deformity is of such a magnitude that it is likely to progress even once skeletal growth is complete. Over long time your spine can deform as a result. Stretch or compression of the spinal cord or nerve roots produces symptoms that may include pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling that travel down an arm or a leg. When the spine of a fetus doesn’t form correctly during pregnancy, a spinal irregularity or deformity … When viewed from behind, the normal spine is straight. Chiari malformation (kee-AH-ree mal-for-MAY-shun) is a condition in which brain tissue extends into your spinal canal. For a detailed explanation of surgical procedures that may be required to treat a specific spinal deformity, refer to that condition’s individual page. Abnormal curvature in the spine can put it out of alignment. Congenital spine deformities are disorders of the spine that develop in a child before birth. Of all the possible spinal deformities, the most common amongst adults is known as degenerative scoliosis. Kyphosis (exaggerated round back). However, since spinal deformity varies from patient to patient, no two surgical treatments will be the same. These deformities can range from mild to severe, and may cause other problems if … Symptoms of scoliosis vary: most cases of infantile, juvenile and adolescent scoliosis, for example, produce no symptoms. When viewed from the side, it has three gentle curves. Although we’re classifying these as some of the more common spinal conditions, in the grand scheme of things, these spine issues are rare. The goals of surgery are to relieve symptoms and to align and stabilize the spine. are observable indications of a condition. However, since spinal deformity varies from patient to patient, no two surgical treatments will be the same. Some well-described spinal deformities include: Scoliosis is an abnormal side-to-side curvature. Centennial Lakes Medical Center . Signs of scoliosis may include a difference in shoulder or hip height, a difference in the way the arms hang beside the body, a spine that is visibly off-center, or a head that appears off-center with the body. And, of course, none of this includes the many types of rare spinal deformities–like tethered spinal cord–that affect numerous babies and adults every year. Abnormal curvature of the spine seen from the back is called scoliosis. Minor spinal deformities may only require monitoring of the condition. It should NOT be regarded as diagnostic, treatment or any other type of specific medical advice to anyone. The goals of surgery are to relieve symptoms and to align and stabilize the spine. Due to neural tube deformities/defects, 2. There are two main types of adult spinal deformities: idiopathic scoliosis and degenerative scoliosis. Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of degenerative arthritis that primarily affects the spine. This page provides a general summary of spinal deformity, a quick glossary of related terms, and common signs and symptoms, diagnostic tests, and treatment considerations.The Spine Hospital at The Neurological Institute of New York is recognized around the world as a leader in the treatment of spinal deformity.The normal spine is structurally balanced for optimal flexibility and support of the body’s weight. Abnormal curvature seen from the side is called sagittal imbalance. There are several types of compression fractures, each with different risks and treatment options. Symptoms of sagittal imbalance range from mild discomfort to severe pain. 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