You can use this tool to change your cookie settings. The killing of an Oromo student in Weldia University, Weldia town in Amhara, triggered a series of revenge killings including in Dire Dawa, Dembi Dolo and Gondar universities. Cookie Statement They were charged under provisions of the repressive Anti-Terrorism Proclamation 2009 (ATP), and detained at Addis Ababa Police Commission for over two months before being released unconditionally. Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. The killing of an Oromo student in Weldia University, Weldia town in Amhara, triggered a series of revenge killings including in Dire Dawa, Dembi Dolo and Gondar universities. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue. 1 0 obj In March, Parliament adopted the Civil Society Proclamation No 1113/19, replacing the Charities and Societies Proclamation No 621/09. Amhara Region killed at least 100 ethnic Gumuz and Shinasha residents. In   |   %PDF-1.5 This report investigates US strikes carried out in the Lower Shabelle region of Somalia. 3 0 obj The army was escorting a convoy of vehicles, ostensibly carrying construction machinery, but which protesters believed was being used to traffic weapons and ammunition. Victims and other witnesses said that those targeted were subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and other ill-treatment on the basis of their Amhara identity, for speaking Amharic, or listening to Amharic music. The foreword, five regional overviews and a survey of 159 countries and territories from all regions document the struggle of many people to claim In a report released today, Amnesty International said “Ethiopian security forces committed horrendous human rights violations including burning homes to the ground, extrajudicial executions, rape, arbitrary arrests and detentions, sometimes of entire families, in response to attacks by armed groups and inter-communal violence in Amhara and Oromia.” According to human right organizations and various media sources, Amharic speaking Ethiopians have Amnesty International Report 2017/18 ix PREFACE The Amnesty International Report 2017/18 shines a light on the state of the world’s human rights during 2017. Despite notable progress since the 2018 political reforms, there were numerous arbitrary arrests, particularly of journalists and writers who criticized the government. The new law eased restrictions which had hindered the ability of groups to secure foreign funding; to carry out human rights-related work and activities; and had put obstacles in the way of foreigners or non-residents who wished to engage in the monitoring and promotion of human rights, conflict resolution or anti-corruption activities. . The Mai Kadra massacre was a series of ethnic cleansing and mass murders carried out on 9–10 November 2020 in the town of Mai Kadra in the Tigray Region of northwestern Ethiopia, near the Sudanese border. Amnesty International has documented a surge in ethnic violence that resulted in thousands of killings across the country, where the security forces failed their duty to protect. over two months before being released unconditionally. Amnesty is urging Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to investigate the allegations, which the group says have occurred since he came to power. Witnesses told Amnesty International that the protesters did not use any violence means during the standoff during the blockade. In July, the violent dispersal by federal security forces of a meeting in Hawassa City, held by Sidama activists and elders, triggered ethnic attacks against residents in multiple towns throughout the Sidama Zone. They included employees and leaders of the Sidama Media Network. In June, the Legal Advisory Committee, tasked with leading legal reforms, tabled draft terrorism legislation [before] Parliament which was expected to replace the ATP during 2020. By Haben Fecadu, Amnesty International Campaigner. Instead, the security forces, particularly the members of the regional police and local administration militia had active roles by siding with their ethnic groups involved in the communal violence. . Following the assassinations in June of the Amhara Regional State president and the Chief of Army in Addis Ababa, hundreds of people were arbitrarily arrested. By the end of the year, the government had not conducted full investigations into the killings. Between 28 September and 15 October, reprisal attacks on Qimant people and their businesses in Gondar city and surrounding towns resulted in at least 405 deaths. international human rights obligations. For four months, at least 10 suspects remained in pre-trial detention [under terrorism charges], before their trial that commenced in November. <> The police questioned them about the author’s identity and released some of them weeks later but detained the publisher until the end of November when he was released after the police dropped the terrorism charges. Around 35,000 students left university campuses to avoid the violence and returned to their homes. 12 OCHA, Ethiopia: Gedeo and West Guji Displacement Snapshot (as of March 2019), n.d. url, HRW, World Report 2020 - Ethiopia, 14 January 2020, url 13 United State Peace Institute, A Year of Change in Ethiopia, 2 April 2019, url 14 Africanews, Ethiopia elections body sets Aug. 16 as tentative date for 2020 polls, 15 January 2020, url endobj Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali won the 2019 Nobel Prize for Peace for domestic reforms, including the release of thousands of oppositions political party leaders and members, lifting the ban on previously outlawed opposition political parties, and for his role in the peace deal that ended the border stalemate with neighboring Eritrea (see Eritrea entry). This report seeks to give voice to the experiences of Oromo people in the diaspora, to highlight a history of systematic political repression in Ethiopia, and ultimately, to support improvement of human rights conditions in Ethiopia. In [August], the Federal Police arrested eight people in the capital, Addis Ababa, for facilitating the publication and distribution of a book called, In September, the police arrested five journalist who worked for. Parts of Western Oromia have been shut off from the internet and phone services since late 2019. Privacy Policy A coalition of ethnically based parties known as the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) controlled the government until its successor, the Prosperity Party, was formed in December. <>/Pages 2 0 R/StructTreeRoot 26 0 R/Type /Catalog>> In April, members of the ethnic Gumuz group killed 21 Amhara residents in the Benishangul Region. Tigray Regional State security forces, including the regional police and the local administration militia, targeted perceived or actual supporters of the Wolkait Amhara Identity Committee after it petitioned the Tigray Regional State and the federal government for Wolkait district to become part of Amhara Regional State. Amnesty International in March 2019 asserted the same about the USA’s 2018 military operations. They were held in detention until the end of the year without being charged in a prison in Halaba town, over 100 kms from their families. In April, members of the ethnic Gumuz group killed 21 Amhara residents in the Benishangul Region. In October, at least 74 people were killed in towns in Oromia and Harari Regional States due to communal violence that erupted during protests against a government decision to withdraw protection from an Oromo political activist. People from all … The attacks were carried out by an [Amhara community] vigilante group and regional government security forces. In July, dozens of Sidama activists, were arrested on suspicion of instigating the communal violence in Sidama Zone in July. The political reforms introduced in Ethiopia by the incumbent government in 2018 presented the country with an opportunity to break with its abysmal human rights record marred by extrajudicial killings, torture and other ill-treatment and enforced disappearance among other serious human rights violations. x��\]s�8�}wU��e3��r�Vq�Lf'3��;�0�4EILʗ������O��%�Ie2qD��8} Y��K����@,�g'����̶l����+���y��tD;�̞���Qݴ�Ol[�'dhy"tl�~~v����d����F��ى�zK���:_$i fu���l.�~~����������d�I�o����5n��%�Ԃ�|Z��G��� }-���퉛ų�J̢���,'7$�-�������n���N�����ͯ�N����FFF���M]o>O�z��MNPJ��� ���B��a[�����"ˋH�Xa`˞%H[���HZQD��V�8��`g���O3v���4�v-׋y���g�vzL�|O�����rwx �;c��*���:V4:��=�딦]N�ɗ�7��S�az�Nj�{��)���q��f=�HlNn�g�dCK����Ԉ��?��ߩuu��ԝ��#���K�!���h>E {�މh��15ܼ�J�� Permissions   |   In October, the security forces killed at least 12 protesters in Ambo and Adama towns during protests against a government decision to withdraw protection from an Oromo political activist. 2. In [August], the Federal Police arrested eight people in the capital, Addis Ababa, for facilitating the publication and distribution of a book called The Hijacked Revolution which had been published under an alias.   |   Just months ahead of the elections, Addis Ababa is trying to solve multiple security issues, as the number of hate crimes increase. %���� Despite notable progress since the 2018 political reforms, there were numerous arbitrary arrests, particularly of journalists and writers who criticized the government. In November and December, at least 12 students were killed during ethnic clashes in universities in Amhara and Oromia. We appreciate Amnesty International producing this report at a critical juncture for the country and we thank them for their engagement on human rights issues in Ethiopia. My older sister was in conscription for three years and then escaped to Ethiopia. the Legal Advisory Committee, tasked with leading legal reforms, tabled draft terrorism legislation [before] Parliament which was expected to replace the ATP during 2020. Index: AFR 64/2930/2015 Amnesty International December 2015 6 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY “My father has been in military conscription since before I was even born, and he is paid 450 Nakfa [USD43] per month which is not even enough to buy oil. According to The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, a media organization which tracks and compiles strike data, the US Amnesty International’s decision to stop publishing data reflected concerns about how the Chinese authorities misrepresented Amnesty International’s numbers. Since taking office in April 2018, his government released dozens of arbitrarily detained journalists and bloggers. Amnesty International Report 2012 PREFACE “IF ANYTHING HAPPENS TO ME, KNOW THAT THE REGIME DOES NOT FEAR THE PRISONERS BUT RATHER THOSE OF YOU WHO DO NOT FORGET THEM.” Razan Ghazzawi, a Syrian blogger, detained for 15 days in Syria in December 2011 The Amnesty International Report 2012 documents the state of human rights during 2011. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali won the 2019 Nobel Prize for Peace for domestic reforms, including the release of thousands of oppositions political party leaders and members, lifting the ban on previously outlawed opposition political parties, and for his role in the peace deal that ended the border stalemate with neighboring Eritrea (see Eritrea entry). "���8w\�H-���p���op�A��-��. In September, the police arrested five journalist who worked for Segele Qerro Bilisuma, an Oromiffa online media outlet. The report focused on “the communal violence that took place in the Amhara and Oromia regions of the country in 2019” 1. Police also arrested a journalist when he attended the pre-trial hearings and charged him with terrorism crimes together with the suspects. Amnesty’s report (PDF) documents a series of alleged abuses in Oromia, where security forces are waging a campaign against the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA). Since taking office in April 2018, his government released dozens of arbitrarily detained journalists and bloggers. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Among those targeted were leaders of the Amhara Nationalist Movement (a political party), government officials, journalists, opposition political party leaders and members of the Addis Ababa Care Taker Committee which promotes administrative autonomy for residents of Addis Ababa. Refunds of donations. 8��lhO��̙��Tzג6��"0�ץ[�@��/h����|+�].T`9���cZ�c9�fq?�*��imJr�%Z֎�{h?�4�)A��u ee0��H��A0Ҭ(�Ʉ�~b�k*݉�D�Y�|�Q+2�8�^�#!Ɇ�`p�X�4)o7PC l�˩t&+�y& [��tn����x&��W^�n����f� m���2�������\��`��OA7�'Eo����*-@ئEZz}uJ 1x�1F�|HI�l� ]����ㆾ����+�%��)�D�#�Z�?&�QҾ'}� džn�G)���ƅ��yK8��J�^[z�����C��c�p���E���ΰ/^{Ң��]�q-q��_����CeH�F#�K�'��3' �@4k��>�Nf_�.��bK?�AP��u+��|�F8UQ�����7�@H�4\�h0�,;[�c�j�?8r+(N�ߘ}ŶM� 3�? Ethiopia was considered to have one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. As part of its reform programme, in February, the government overturned the civil society legislation which had curtailed the right to freedoms of association and expression and tabled a new draft law before Parliament to replace draconian anti-terror legislation. In May, armed people in the Awi Zone of. At least 50 people were killed by communal violence, and also as a result of the use of excessive force by security forces who responded to the unrest. Stay up to date and learn about key human rights issues in Ethiopia. <> Deprose Muchena, Amnesty International's Director for East and Southern Africa “The return of mass arrests of opposition activists and supporters is a worrying signal in Ethiopia. Amnesty International confirms the brutal massacre of possibly hundreds of civilians in Mai-Kadra in Ethiopia's western Tigray state. At a press conference in mid-January, EthioTelecom CEO Frehiwot Tamiru acknowledged the shutdowns and said they were “connected to peace and security” in the area, according to the Addis Standard. … If you are talented and passionate about human rights then Amnesty International wants to hear from you. Case studies to accompany Amnesty International report ‘Because I Am Oromo’: Sweeping Repression in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia October 2014 The Government of Ethiopia anticipates a high level of opposition in Oromia, and signs of dissent are actively sought out and suppressed. 2 divide, develop, and rule: human rights violations in ethiopia center for international human rights law & advocacy university of wyoming college of law 1. purpose, scope and methodology 3 2. introduction 3 3. political dissenters 7 3.1. civic and political space 7 3.1.1. elections 8 3.1.2. laws targeting dissent 14 United States Commission on International Religious Freedom - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2014 (PDF) Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2018 (PDF) Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Ethiopia A new report by Amnesty International accuses Ethiopia’s security forces of extrajudicial killings and mass detentions. In December, an unidentified armed group abducted around 20 Amhara students as they were leaving Dembi Dolo University to return home. Ethiopia: ‘Because I am Oromo’: Sweeping repression in the Oromia region of Ethiopia 28 October 2014 , Index number: AFR 25/006/2014 Between 2011 and 2014, at least 5000 Oromos have been arrested based on their actual or suspected peaceful opposition to the government. At the same time, numerous journalists and other critics of the government continued to face arbitrary arrest, illegal prolonged detention and unfair trials. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. 1. ERITREA: REPRESSION WITHOUT BORDERS THREATS TO HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS ABROAD Amnesty International 7 as such, the primary source of information for the Eritrean public.9 Eritreans remain largely disconnected from the rest of the world due to limited internet access in the country. endobj stream Following the assassinations in June of the Amhara Regional State president and the Chief of Army in Addis Ababa, hundreds of people were arbitrarily arrested. The Prime Minister described the report as "useless trash" and the Chief EU Observer was not granted access to Ethiopia to present the final report. Around 35,000 students left university campuses to avoid the violence and returned to their homes. Among those targeted were leaders of the Amhara Nationalist Movement (a political party), government officials, journalists, opposition political party leaders and members of the Addis Ababa Care Taker Committee which promotes administrative autonomy for residents of Addis Ababa. Every year, Amnesty International evaluates the human rights situation in countries around the world. In May, armed people in the Awi Zone of neighbouring Amhara Region killed at least 100 ethnic Gumuz and Shinasha residents. For four months, at least 10 suspects remained in pre-trial detention [under terrorism charges], before their trial that commenced in November. At least over 10,000 people under suspicion were detained and subjected to brutal beatings”. Although, in January the army’s Deputy Chief of Staff promised to investigate the incident, no findings had been made public by the end of the year and no prosecutions were initiated. In January, members of the Ethiopian Defense Forces unlawfully killed at least nine protesters, including three children, in the towns of Genda-Wuha and Kokit, in the Amhara Region. Responsibility was attritubed to Samri youth loyal to the Tigray People's Liberation Front, in preliminary investigations by Amnesty International (Amnesty) and the Ethiopian Human … Following the spate of communal violence, the government tabled a draft law before Parliament in November, which would outlaw speech that advocates violence, and the spread of “disinformation.” The draft contained broad and vaguely-worded provisions that undermine freedom of expression. In September, in the predominantly Qimant districts of Chilga and Arbaba, at least 30 people died in skirmishes between armed members of the Qimant community and the regional security forces. Amnesty International in its latest report “accuses Ethiopia’s security forces of extrajudicial killings and mass detentions. <>/MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792]/Parent 2 0 R/Resources <>/Font <>/ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI]/XObject <>>>/StructParents 0/Tabs /S/Type /Page>> ETHIOPIA 2019 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Ethiopia is a federal republic. The organization gathered testimonies, and its Crisis Evidence Lab verified images and video from the scene, geolocated the … The government received praise from … Ethiopia’s political opening under Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has won well-deserved accolades but also uncorked dangerous centrifugal forces, among them ethnic strife. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has been in office since April 2 last year when massive political and economic changes took root in Ethiopia. Amnesty International always made clear that the figures it was able to publish on China were significantly lower than the reality, because of the restrictions on access to information. In November and December, at least 12 students were killed during ethnic clashes in universities in Amhara and Oromia. In February, the police arrested Colonel Gemechu Ayana, a prominent Oromo Liberation Front member, and detained him [on terrorism charges] for eight months, in violation of ATP provisions which allow for a maximum four months’ pre-trial detention period. 2 0 obj In December, an unidentified armed group abducted around 20 Amhara students as they were leaving Dembi Dolo University to return home. Hundreds of people were killed in a surge of communal violence, and the army unlawfully killed at least nine protesters, including children. 4 0 obj endobj Amnesty International on Ethiopia Search (New York and Washington, DC) Including: ... Human Rights Watch report (138 pages in PDF format) Shell shocked: civilians under seige in Mogadishu (August 2007) Suppressing dissent: human rights abuses and political repression in Ethiopia… In December, the authorities dropped the charges and released him. A new report by the rights group Amnesty International issued Friday, May 29, 2020 accuses Ethiopia's security forces of extrajudicial killings … The trials were marked by illegal and prolonged pre-trial detention, unreasonable delays and persistent complaints of torture and other ill-treatment. In September, at least 30 people, were killed in a communal violence in Gondar city and in areas surrounding the city including Fenter, Weleqa, and Azezo. [Hundreds] of political opposition members, journalists and others who were critical of the government faced unfair trials on charges brought under the ATP law. Police also arrested a journalist when he attended the pre-trial hearings and charged him with terrorism crimes together with the suspects. We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. Your choice regarding cookies on this site When the townspeople blocked the road that traversed the two towns, in order to search the vehicles, the army shot at them. REUTERS/Tiksa Negeri. On 10 and 11 January, in Metema town, the North Gondar Zone of Amhara Region, around 60 people were killed in coordinated attacks against members of the Qimant, an ethnic minority people who had campaigned for autonomy within the Amhara Regional State. Moderna's COVID-19 vaccine is the second to receive emergency use authorization from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as the nation's death toll passes 307,000. In December, at least 12 students were killed during ethnic clashes in universities in and. 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